Not all Blues is dark and aggressive-sometimes we're called upon to play with a lighter feel. This is especially the case when playing country blues, ballad blues and common grooves with a lighter feel, such as the Rhumba. This issue we'll dig into a chapter from my soon-to-be-released book with Mel Bay on Rock Harmonica. Enjoy!
Major Pentatonic Scale
To solo with a light, more major feel, a five note scale called the Major Pentatonic scale is often used. This scale comes from the major scale, with the fourth and seventh scale degrees omitted-giving it a floating quality (this is where the half steps are in the scale-omission of half steps take all of the leading tones away). If the song is in the key of G, then you will use a G major pentatonic scale.
Ex. 3.1 - Major Pentatonic Scale
01 Ex 3-1 Major Pent Scale.mp3
Let's now practice this scale in some common rhythms. You'll need a C Harmonica for the following tracks.
Ex. 3.2 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Half Notes 02 Ex 3-2 Major Pent Scale Half Notes.mp3
Ex. 3.3 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Quarter Notes 03 Ex 3-3 Major Pent Scale Quarter Notes.mp3
Ex. 3.4 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Swing Eighths04 Ex 3-4 Major Pent Scale Swing Eighths.mp3
Ex. 3.5 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Triplets05 Ex 3-5 Major Pent Scale Triplets.mp3
Since you'll play both swing eighths (think shuffle rhythm, like in the examples above) and straight eighths in Rock, we need to practice them both ways. Below are straight eighths and sixteenth notes.
Ex. 3.6 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Eighths 06 Ex 3-6 Major Pent Scale Eighth Notes.mp3
Ex. 3.7 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Sixteenths 07 Ex 3-7 Major Pent Scale Sixteenths Notes.mp3
Now that you've developed the skill to play this scale in the most common rhythms, it's time to improvise with it. For the following tracks I'll improvise using the limited range notated in our examples below. It's important to get to know each section of the harmonica individually before you try to use its entire range. For each track I'll improvise for a bit and then leave room for you to give it a try.
Do your best to only use the notes of the scale. Let your lick vocabulary drive you, but stay alert so that you can change a note you would normally play outside of the scale to a note that's in the scale. You're basically watching yourself in the third person and saying to yourself, "Watch out, you normally go to a 2" in this run, but you have to change it to 2+." It's this constant assessment that you make as you play that will make this successful. We'll use the rock beat for these examples.
Ex. 3.8 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Holes 1 through 308 Ex 3-8 Major Pent Scale Holes 1 to 3.mp3
Ex. 3.9 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Holes 1 through 409 Ex 3-9 Major Pent Scale Holes 1 to 4.mp3
Ex. 3.10 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Holes 3 through 610 Ex 3-10 Major Pent Scale Holes 3 to 6.mp3
Ex. 3.11 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Holes 6 though 1011 Ex 3-11 Major Pent Scale Holes 6 to 10.mp3
Ex. 3.12 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Entire Range12 Ex 3-12 Major Pent Scale Entire Range.mp3
Ex. 3.13 - Play-Along Track Only13 Ex 3-13 Major Pent Scale Backing Track.mp3
Our previous examples played to a backing track that stayed on the I Chord. Though this scale can be used over any chord in the blues progression, there are of course notes that if held can be overly dissonant. Detailed below is the same scale as in Example 3.1 but with the addition of chords below each note. If you see IV under a note, that note will sound good when held on that chord. The same for the V Chord. Your goal is to hit one note of the chord and hold it for just a bit to tip your hat to the chord change, then go off and improvise without worrying about what notes should match that chord. You can of course adhere closer to the notes of the chord change, but a strong presentation of one of these notes does the trick very well.
Ex. 3.14 - Major Pentatonic Scale w/Chords
Ex. 3.15 - Major Pentatonic Scale: Entire Range w/12 Bar Blues Progression14 Ex 3-15 Major Pent Scale 12 Bar Blues.mp3
Ex. 3.16 - 12 Bar Blues Play-Along Track15 Ex 3-16 Major Pent Scale 12 Bar Blues Play-Along Track.mp3
Good luck and have fun!
About the Author David Barrett